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Farmland value increases override concern over higher interest rates

Oct 4, 2022

Average farmland values continued to increase in most parts of Canada, despite higher interest rates in the first half of 2022, according to a mid-year review by Farm Credit Canada (FCC).

“Strong farm cash receipts, buoyed by robust commodity prices, have managed to quell some of the profitability challenges from higher interest rates and farm input costs,” said J.P. Gervais, FCC’s chief economist. “Producers are still making strategic investments in their operations and buying farmland, which is in short supply and high demand. This healthy farmland market is a good indication there is confidence and optimism in the future of the industry among producers.”  

The highest average farmland value increases were reported in Ontario (15.6 per cent), Quebec (10.3 per cent) and Prince Edward Island (14.8 per cent), followed by Saskatchewan (8.4 per cent), which was closest to the national average increase of 8.1 per cent. More modest increases were reported in the rest of the provinces. There were insufficient transactions in the Yukon, Nunavut, Newfoundland and Labrador to fully assess farmland values.

  % Change in farmland values
  Average % change
January 2022 - June 2022
(6 months)
Average % change
July 2021 - June 2022
(12 months)
B.C. 6.5 15
Alta. 5.9 5.8
Sask. 8.4 14.9
Man. 6 13.6
Ont. 15.6 27.7
Que. 10.3 13.5
N.B. 3.4 8.1
N.S. 6 14
P.E.I. 14.8 26.4
N.L. N/A N/A
Canada 8.1 13.1

Most land transactions were agreed to prior to the most significant interest rate increases. However, Gervais believes the more recent increases will not completely deter some producers from making land purchases that make sense for their operations.

“There’s little doubt that higher borrowing costs will slow the demand for farmland,” he said. “But the fact that the supply of farmland available is limited and farm incomes are trending in the right direction could offset the impact of interest rates increases.”

Provinces with a higher percentage of arable land, such as Saskatchewan and Alberta, seem to experience a slower pace of increase in land values, according to the mid-year review. Ontario’s average increase was bolstered by the central regions of the province, where competition for arable land is strong but supply is limited.

Farm cash receipts climbed 14.6 per cent year-over-year for the first half of 2022, although grain, oilseed, and pulse receipts were slightly lower in the first six months, as expected due to the drought across many parts of the Prairie provinces in 2021. Receipts are projected to increase 18 per cent for the full 2022, relative to 2021.

Despite inflationary pressures and geopolitical tensions, new crop prices continue to be elevated and should generate positive profit margins, given the latest production and yield estimates, according to the mid-year review.

Gervais recommends operators maintain a risk management plan to protect their businesses against unforeseen circumstances, such as increases in borrowing costs and unfavourable movements in commodity prices. 

By sharing agriculture economic knowledge and forecasts, FCC provides solid insights and expertise to help those in the business of agriculture achieve their goals. For more information and insights, visit fcc.ca/Economics.

FCC is Canada’s leading agriculture and food lender, with a healthy loan portfolio of more than $44 billion. Our employees are dedicated to the future of Canadian agriculture and food. We provide flexible, competitively priced financing, AgExpert management software, information and knowledge specifically designed for the agriculture and food industry. As a self-sustaining Crown corporation, we provide an appropriate return to our shareholder, and reinvest our profits back into the industry and communities we serve. For more information, visit fcc.ca.


For more information or interviews, please contact:

Trevor Sutter
Corporate Communication
Farm Credit Canada