Alberta’s Blood Tribe restores traditional agriculture roots

  • 5 min read

In the middle of the 2021 hot and dry summer for Western Canada, Kainai Forage in Stand Off, Alta., reported a single-day harvest of 8,000 bales of premium timothy hay.

The scale of success for the newly re-branded and reconfigured business is, however, no isolated phenomenon. The joint venture between Indigena Capital, a private equity firm, and the Kainai-Blood Tribe (or Blood Tribe, a First Nation in southern Alberta) has skilfully navigated uncharted territories of both challenge and achievement since its establishment in 2019.

“It’s not going to be very hard for us to become the biggest developer of processed timothy in the world and that is our goal,” says Roy Fox, Chief of the Blood Tribe.

Growth and sovereignty

Anchored by 25,000 acres of irrigated land — the largest project of its kind in Canada — Kainai Forage exports premium timothy hay internationally. Now, with additional financing in place, the construction of a new processing plant and state-of-the-art hay press is nearing completion. The expansion will increase the ability of Kainai Forage to process over 125,000 metric tonnes of hay per year and keep them on pace to achieving their exporting goal of over 100,000 tonnes per year by 2024.

For the Blood Tribe, the success of the business extends far beyond the boardroom.

“One of the most important principles our ancestors had was that we need to provide for our own as much as we can.”

“Sovereignty means different things to different people, different groups, and different nations, but true sovereignty can only be accomplished by greater financial sovereignty, so this is the direction that we are going with Kainai Forage,” Chief Fox explains.

Ensuring a sustainable future for his community has always been at the core of Chief Fox’s career. Also known as Makiinima, he has been in a leadership role with the Blood Tribe for most of his adult life. 

“One of the most important principles our ancestors had was that we need to provide for our own as much as we can – we have to be prepared to work and engage in partnerships with others and in that way, those endeavours will become more meaningful and we’ll be able to provide more,” he explains. 

Grassroots agriculture

Situated south of Calgary, the Blood Tribe has the largest reserve in Canada, encompassing over 350,000 acres, and a membership of over 12,000. They were early agriculturalists, but their initial success in the industry was constricted.

“When big farming came about, they could not access the necessary capital to be engaged fully,” Chief Fox says. “But they continued – they did not give up, even though sometimes it seemed insurmountable barriers were in their way.”

In the 1980s, the tribe negotiated the irrigation project with Canada and Alberta and reached agreement in the 1990s. However, in the early days of their forage business, they continued to face challenges. 

“We knew that there were crops we could develop on our lands and be successful. We saw the opportunity to really expand but we couldn’t do it ourselves.”

World-class partnership

By partnering with Indigena Capital, which specializes in partnerships with Indigenous Nations, the Blood Tribe has been able to take that world-class opportunity and build a world-class business. In the past two years, the business has grown by 300% – despite the conditions of a global pandemic that have loomed over its infancy.

And that growth in business is more than just business for the Blood Tribe. “It’s the degree of financial sovereignty a nation has that determines the true growth and promise of a nation,” Chief Fox explains. “The Kainai tribal government does not have the same resources as other governments – they have a tax base, we don’t. We have to strive that much higher to provide different resources and services for our membership, so the most logical way of achieving that is to have long-term economic and business sustainability.”

“We have great opportunities within our land and through our resources and it is so important that we find good business partners who provide those things that we don’t have,” he says. “Private equity provides the dollars and the expertise; we provide the opportunity. We need each other.”

How to make a good business partnership work

Assemble the right skillsets

A good balance in collaboration is key, with both parties having confidence in the skillsets they bring to the partnership, and what they need out of it. “There is a biological relationship in nature when two animals live off each other and become stronger – symbiosis. We have to think in those terms whenever we are talking about collaborating with others,” Chief Fox says. “We know that we can do our part and we like to think that our partners are always doing their part.”

Gather consensus on goals and expectations

Common goals cultivate compatibility, but business partners need to be ready and able to shift gears together as goals expand and evolve. New facilities for Kainai Forage will result in 70 new full-time positions for the business. Drawing on the perspective of their partners has helped Kainai Forage keep pace with that growth. “We need that collaboration. We would not have come this far in the development of Kainai Forage without their involvement. By taking advantage of business opportunities, and going into good partnerships, we both grow.”

Build a team with trust and integrity

Growing up an avid hockey player, Chief Fox knows a fair bit about teamwork. “There has to be that atmosphere of trust amongst us,” he says. Transparency builds trust among business partners; intentions and aspirations need to be clearly communicated, especially in high-stakes relationships. The first line of responsibility for the Blood Tribe is, after all, the socio-economic welfare of its members. The business is also Indigena Capital’s first investment under their new agricultural investment platform.

Beyond the success of Kainai Forage itself is the path it is forging for other First Nations to follow. “We can build a good model – one that perhaps others can utilize,” Chief Fox says.

From an AgriSuccess article by Emily Leeson.